The Hadza are a small indigenous ethnic group comprising less than a thousand, living in Tanzania. They live in small mobile camps usually comprising a core group of about 30 people and target native wild foods, both hunted and foraged. The Hadza lifestyle is thought to most closely resemble that of Paleolithic humans.
The Hadza diet consists of wild foods that fall into five main categories: meat, honey, baobab, berries and tubers. They do not cultivate crops nor domesticate animals.
Baobab fruit powder is rich in vitamin C, calcium, magnesium and iron. But it also has significant dietary fibre and acts as an excellent prebiotic thus contributing to the health of probiotics in the gut.
Our gut microbiome (the community of bacteria that lives in our guts) is vital for digesting our food, and is essential for our overall well-being, influencing our metabolism, the functioning of our immune system and even our mental health. And recent scientific research has shown that the Hadza have the world’s healthiest gut biodiversity.
The Hadza have 40% more diverse gut microbiomes than the average Westerner and this could be why, despite being a foraging population with little to no access to healthcare or medical facilities, the Hadza have relatively low rates of infectious disease, metabolic disease and nutritional deficiencies.
Read more in Aduna’s excellent article.
Hadza woman pounding baobab fruit